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Information on risk of avalanches

The avalanche risk forecast is at level 2 on friday 29 April to sunday 1 May.

You can download the avalanche risk bulletin with all the snow and avalanche danger information for the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park:

Danger of avalanches European Scale holds 5 risk levels defined by an evaluation on stability and its consequences, which will determine the probability of avalanche activation.

In mountain risk zero does not exist. The danger to which a skier or a mountaineer is exposed will grow with the index value.


Danger of avalanches European Scale 


Danger level

Snowpack stability

Avalanche triggering probability

Consequences for persons outside secured zones / recommendations



The snowpack largely unstable in general.

Numerous large-sized and often very large-sized natural avalanches can be expected, even in moderately steep terrain.

Highly unfavourable conditions. Avoid open terrain.



The snowpack is poorly bonded on most steep slopes (*).

Triggering is likely even from low additional loads (**) on many steep slopes (*). In some cases, numerous medium-sized and often large-sized natural avalanches can be expected.

Unfavourable conditions. Extensive experience in the assessment of avalanche danger is required. Remain in moderately steep terrain / heed avalanche run out zones.



The snowpack is moderately to poorly bonded on many steep slopes (*).

Triggering is possible, even from low additional loads (**) particularly on the indicated steep slopes. In some cases medium-sized, in isolated cases large-sized natural avalanches are possible.

Partially unfavourable conditions.Experience in the assessment of avalanche danger is required. Steep slopes of indicated aspects and altitude zones should be avoided if possible.



The snowpack is only moderately well bonded on some steep slopes (*), otherwise well bonded in general.

Triggering is possible primarily from high additional loads, particularly on the indicated steep slopes. Large-sized natural avalanches are unlikely.

Mostly favourable conditions. Careful route selection, especially on steep slopes of indicated aspects and altitude zones.



The snowpack is well bonded and stable in general.

Triggering is generally possible only from high additional loads (**) in isolated areas of very steep, extreme terrain. Only sluffs and small-sized natural avalanches are possible.

 Generally safe conditions.


(*) The avalanche prone terrain is generally explained in greater detail in Avalanche Bulletin (e.g. altitude zone, aspect, type of terrain).
- Moderately steep terrain: slopes flatter than about 30 degrees.
- Steep slopes: slopes with an angle of more than about 30 degrees.
- Steep extreme terrain: those which are particularly unfavourable as regards slope angle (usually steeper than about 40°), terrain profile, proximity to ridge, roughness of underlying ground.
(**) Additional load:
- Low (e.g. single skier, snowboarder, snowshoe hiker).
- High (e.g. group of skiers without spacing, snowmobile/groomer, avalanche blasting).

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