To Top

melojaresThe mapping of the former Peñalara Natural Park forest region vegetation has recently been completed. It includes the Rascafría, Alameda del Valle and Pinilla del Valle municipalities. Using this starting point, it is intended to extend the mapping to the entire National Park. This work is also the starting point for the cataloguing and mapping both of natural and priority habitats (Council Directive 92/43/EEC), and the natural systems (National Park Law 30/2014).

The work of preparing the vegetation units map consists of different phases: photo interpretation, field work and map preparation. During the interpretation phase and by means of the observation of aerial photography and orthophoto in the study area, the digitalization of the possible patches of vegetation observed is achieved, as well as the allocation to each one of them to provisional vegetation units.

In a later phase of field work, the verification of the vegetation units assigned to different spots is carried out, and/or new units are assigned to them, considering as well different floristic data type, physiognomic, on use, etc.

In a final stage of processing, the map of vegetation is defined, made up of three types of topics: polygons (patches of vegetation with a minimum size of 25 m in diameter), lines (enclaves) and points (location points of special interest, such as for example unique trees).

piornal enebral

The map includes at the moment up to 64 vegetation units and over 720 subtypes, that reflect more complex hybrid situations.  In addition, 26 different habitats listed in Directive 92/43/CEE have been identified, of which 6 are priority, and 8 natural systems as stated in Law 30/2014.

The following table shows concisely the main units of vegetation found, grouped by their appearance:

I. Tree communitiesII. Shrub communitiesIII. Herbaceous communitiesIV. Rupicolous communitiesV. Other communities
Scots pine Orophyle pine forests Mountain broom- Creeping juniper pastures* Hieracio-Festecetum pastures* Casmocomophytic blossom communities* Marshe graminoids communities*
Mesophilic pine forests of Scots Pine Mountain broom pastures* Xerophytic grasslands* Earthy communities* Herbaceous communities and nitrophyle camephytics
Scots pine from repopulation Creeping juniper pastures* Matgrass pastures* Astragalus sempervirens communities Higrophyle turfy enclaves
Pyrenean oak forest Cinderella broom pastures Common fern /bracken lively grasslands Saxicolous lively grasslands on earthy and rocky sites* Oligotrophical marshes
Mixed forests of Scots and Pyrenean pine White broom pastures Gaudinio fragilis grasslands Pteridophytic grasslands on stone blocks* Areas affected
Birch-tree forests Goji plant pastures Matgrass pastures Casmophytic comfrey communities on compact rocks* Areas on restoration
Iberian oak forests* White heather pastures Folded pastures Casmocomophytic saxiphraga communities* Carex communities
Ash forests with Pyrenean oak* Howthorn pastures Xerophilous terophyte grasslands Casmophytic communities on calcareous rocks* White water communities*
Black willow groves Acidophilus camephytic brush* Dandelion meadows Blossom and foxglove communities  
Purple osier willow Purple osier willow Nanocamephytic basophil brush* Hay meadows* Casmocomophytical geranium communities*  
Arâr Black broom pastures* Heliophylous terophyte grasslands    
Black pine from repopulation   Giant feather grass pastures    
Common pine from repopulation   Silyconous thymus    
Black poplar from repopulation   Hidromorphic sedges    
Black poplar from repopulation        
Spanish savin*        
Holm forests*        

logo cm


logo oapn 2018

logo JCyL

Creative Commons Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama Creative Commons | GDPR | Cookies | Mapa Web | Intranet

Information cookies

Cookies are short reports that are sent and stored on the hard drive of the user's computer through your browser when it connects to a web. Cookies can be used to collect and store user data while connected to provide you the requested services and sometimes tend not to keep. Cookies can be themselves or others.

There are several types of cookies:

  • Technical cookies that facilitate user navigation and use of the various options or services offered by the web as identify the session, allow access to certain areas, facilitate orders, purchases, filling out forms, registration, security, facilitating functionalities (videos, social networks, etc..).
  • Customization cookies that allow users to access services according to their preferences (language, browser, configuration, etc..).
  • Analytical cookies which allow anonymous analysis of the behavior of web users and allow to measure user activity and develop navigation profiles in order to improve the websites.

So when you access our website, in compliance with Article 22 of Law 34/2002 of the Information Society Services, in the analytical cookies treatment, we have requested your consent to their use. All of this is to improve our services. We use Google Analytics to collect anonymous statistical information such as the number of visitors to our site. Cookies added by Google Analytics are governed by the privacy policies of Google Analytics. If you want you can disable cookies from Google Analytics.

However, please note that you can enable or disable cookies by following the instructions of your browser.