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Peñalara: glaciology and glacial vestiges

Esquema ActualThe vestiges of Quaternary glacier and the current periglacial processes can be observed in Peñalara Massif. Much of the current geomorphology is explained by these processes, occurred thousands of years ago, but they have currently resulted in a great diversity of species and habitats and in a high landscape quality.

More about nature

Amphibians

The Sierra de Guadarrama has a high richness of amphibian species.

Estado del tiempo

×* There is no translation available.* Boletín de las últimas 48h, previsión del peligro de aludes (si está en vigor) y predicción meteorológica.

Mammals

Dozens of mammal species inhabit the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Birds

Dozens of bird species fly the skies of the Sierra, including some of the most emblematic species of the national park.

Geology and Lithology

Rock types and geological history of the Sierra de Guadarrama.

La Pedriza: a particular granite batholith

La Pedriza is a singular mountain relief, unique in the Iberian Peninsula.

Fishes

The species that inhabit the mountain rivers, some of them unfortunately introduced.

Vegetation and Natural Systems

Get to know the vegetation of the national park, with 8 natural systems represented.

Peñalara: glaciology and glacial vestiges

The best glacial remains of Sierra de Guadarrama

Lichens

Dozens of species growing on trees, on rocks, covering the ground.....

Fungi

Fungi play a fundamental role in the ecology of the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Peñalara Massif wetlands

The Peñalara Massif is the site with the highest concentration of high mountain lakes and ponds in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Exceptional trees

Magnificent specimens of different species with exceptional characteristics.

Invertebrates

The little-known fauna of the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Flora

Around 1680 species and subspecies of plants inhabit the national park.

Reptiles

Information on the reptiles of the Sierra de Guadarrama, some of them very little known.

The Sierra de Guadarrama Climate

Description of the climatology of the national park.

Sistema de observación meteorológica

×* There is no translation available.* El parque nacional cuenta con una red de estaciones meteorológicas de alta montaña.

Sierra de Guadarrama Rivers

Mountain rivers and streams are an essential feature of the national park.

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