Navarredonda, San Mamés

San Mamés Parish Church - Navarredonda-San Mamés Ermita de San Mamés

On the road to Villavieja stands the old San Mamés Church, at 250 m from the village. At its origins the Church was an isolated chapel. From that epoch is the outstanding Romanesque-Mudejar apse. During the Spanish Civil War the Church lost several images and altarpieces, being discovered later on several remains of the original Romanesque Pantocrator. The construction is masonry and exposed brick built. It presents a large rectangular ground plan with the adjoining head as another smaller rectangle completed by the semicircular apse. The bell gable presents three arches for the bells. 

Navas de Riofrío

La Inmaculada Concepción Church

Built in the 13th century, its actual appearance is due to several repairs made since its construction. It presents a single nave and the bell tower is adjoining at the south side. The Romanesque façade is quite remarkable with a round arch and three trumpet-shaped archivolts, the first one decorated with plants designs, the second one is a large smooth vertical rounded beading and the third presents human figures and fantastic creatures; the capitals are decorated with different birds and the façade eave is decorated with rolls and metope cantilevers with plants and geometric designs. At the inner at the nave feet is located the Romanesque baptismal font.

San Antolín Chapel

It is a modest and small rectangular ground plan Church. At the inner it lodges a small wooden altarpiece with the image of the patron Saint, San Antolín.

Ortigosa del monte

San Julián Church

Originally Romanesque style, nowadays only it is preserved the modest head and the interesting capitals of the triumphal arch. The majority of the building is Gothic from the early 16th century. At the inner it is possible to admire a stone Gothic pulpit and the major altarpiece from the early 17th century made by D. Francisco Sancho.

The “Berrocal” (Stone Area)

El Berrocal OrtigosaIt is an awesome and peculiar landscape with scattered, abundant and impressive granite boulders and blocks which were used for stone utilization since the Roman epoch to the 18th and 19th centuries.

Otero de Herreros

The Parish Church

Built in the late 16th century, it is featured by its Renaissance style with Herrerian attributes. It also preserves some elements Romanesque and Gothic such as the splendid ribbed vault, being the ground plan Latin cross shaped. It is as well remarkable its Plateresque façade with a granite staircase. At the inner, we should mention the major altarpiece with engravings of the children martyrs San Justo and San Pastor, patrons Saints of the village, the lateral altarpieces with several polychrome engravings and as well the impressive Baroque organ located in a lateral of the gallery.

San Roque Chapel

Ermita OteroIt is a small and modest church with a rectangular ground plan. It was raised with a masonry and granite ashlars façade and corners in the 16th century, by the stonemason D. Juan de Gorgoza. It is also known as “El Humilladero” and “La Vera Cruz”. The main façade presents a double arch Herrerian style. The inner lodges some interesting Frescos representing the final part of Jesus Christ life in different scenes. At the outer, just at the front of the Chapel there is a remarkable stone crosses Via Crucis. It was declared Good of Cultural Interest in 1995 (Bien de Interés Cultural-BIC).

Virgen de la Adrada Chapel

At the village edge and surrounded by a gorgeous poplar grove is located that chapel. Its construction dates in the late 15th century. It presents a Latin cross ground plan. The simple main façade includes a rounded arch with a same features window above it. On top of them there is a double arched bell gable. At the inner there is a 16th century altarpiece made by D. Francisco de Prado, and as well an engraving of La Adrada Virgin and two good paintings representing The Annunciation and The Jesus Christ Presentation.

Palazuelos de Eresma

Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Church

It is a late Gothic church, and only several vestiges on the tower windows are nowadays preserved from its Romanesque origin. At the inner the Baroque major altarpiece is remarkable, as well as a processional silver cross and a solar monstrance made in Segovia in the 18th century.

Nuestra Señora del Rosario Church

It is situated at Tabanera del Monte, a hamlet allocated to Palazuelos de Eresma. It presents an “eclectic” architectonic style coming from the mélange at the outer of mainly Romanesque and Gothic, and at the inner neoclassical and modern styles.

San Antonio de Padua Chapel

It is located at the burg surroundings and celebrates at the beginning of June a very crowded procession honoring San Antonio de Padua.

The Mill of the Marquis of El Arco

It has been declared a Castilla León Cultural Historic Heritage. It was a flour mill. On the place it laid was built a paper factory which was used until the Independence War (1808), to become a flour factory later on. Nowadays is the Site of the Whisky Dyc distillery.

Pinilla del Valle

San Miguel Arcángel Parish Church - Pinilla del Valle

Its origins are in the late 15th century and the early 16th century. That is why it presents late Gothic and as well starting Renaissance reminiscences. The walls are masonry built completed with a balls cornice, characteristic decoration of the epoch. It shows a rectangular ground plan with just one nave with three sections. The Major Chapel, with external buttresses is covered by a ribbed vault with Gothic ribs. The 16th century baptismal font built with just one stone block and decorated with balls similar to the cornice ones, has been preserved. The square ground plan tower has two bodies.

Nuestra Señora de la Concepción Chapel - Pinilla del Valle

It is a very simple 17th century Baroque construction, showing a rectangular ground plan and built with masonry and white mortared walls and ashlars reinforced at the edges. It has an entrance portico and an original bell gable adjoining it. The portico has Tuscan columns.

El Cavero de la Higuera Archeological Site – Pinilla del Valle

Yacimiento de PinillaIn 1979 was discovered the first one of the Archeological Sites “The Path Cave” (La Cueva del Camino), a very high paleontological relevance enclave, about 80.000 years old. “The Navalmaillo Shelter” (El Abrigo de Navalmaillo) was discovered in 2002, and it is between 70.000 – 77.000 years old; it preserves the activities remains several hominid groups made at the shelter. “The Good Looking Cave” (La Cueva de La Buena Pinta) was discovered in 2003, and both together with The Path Cave had been used as hyena’s dens. In 2009 was discovered another galleries ensemble named “Dis-Covered Cave” (Cueva Des-Cubierta). The anthropologic remains found in those Sites are from the Homo Neanderthalensis.

“The Calveros” zone, in the municipal area of Pinilla del Valle has been declared Good of Cultural Interest, with the Archeological and Paleontological Zone category on September 14 2004, by the General Direction of “Historical Heritage” (Published at the BOCM on Friday September 24 2004).

The Pinilla Reservoir

The village is located at the head of the Pinilla Reservoir, which is the starting point of one of the water supplying networks of Madrid City. The reservoir construction on the Lozoya River was a transcendental initiative for the valley, because not only it had a great repercussion in the landscape and the environment, but as well leaded to a period of construction activity, unknown at the area. The waters started to be dammed in February 1967.

The previous existence of the Pinilla and Lozoya villages obliged to fix the maximum water level at the 1.089,90 m dimension, and the dam’s crest at 1.090 m, in order to reduce as much as possible the living spaces flooding. Nevertheless twelve buildings were swamped and both the cemeteries of Lozoya and Pinilla had to be moved.

El Navazo or La Marotera Mill

Witness of a preindustrial epoch, its origin is from the 18th century, and remained active until 1970. It is a small construction with stone walls and an Arabic tile cover.

Recently restored, it is a clear sample of the old milling profession so extended at the whole Valley. Explanatory boards are available and as well a small exhibition of farm implements and milling profession tools. The machinery is luckily undamaged. There is as well a small reservoir up river which only with the gradient difference produces the necessary water jump for the mill functioning.

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