Los Molinos

San José Chapel - Los Molinos

It is located at the south of the old town, and its construction shows a great simplicity. It has just a rectangular nave made of irregular rubblework. On one of the sides of the main facade there is a small bell gable with arch and crowned by a stone cross. Its two doors have carved lintels with the following inscriptions; in the main one: “S. Joseph Husband of Mary and Father of Jesus Christ 1737”, in the lateral access:”HSJO. 1736” The inner is covered by a wooden frame and the walls are filled with mortar and whitewashing.

In the Chapel immediate surroundings there is a three stone crosses ensemble, forming a Calvary, and a fourth cross separated of the rest. This ensemble surely dates from the same time as the chapel.

La Concepción de Nuestra Señora Parish Church - Los Molinos

The exact date of its construction is unknown. Sainz de Robles points out 1570 as the year of its foundation, but Azcárate postpones it to the early 17th century. It is masonry built although it shows ashlars in different zones, such as the upper part of the wall at the church feet. The wall is crowned at the center with a two round arches belfry with gable roof. It has a Latin cross ground plan. The access porch is supported by four Tuscan columns and closed with a forge grille dated in 1768.

At the inner the nave joins the transept by a granite stone transverse arch on double pilasters. The transept is covered by an ashlars dome, and the aisles with a half barrel vault plastered and whitewashing. The 18th century altarpiece, Baroque style made of polychrome and golden wood is quite remarkable.

Granite Boundary Stones - Los Molinos

Three 1793 granite boundary stones have been found with the following inscription carved on one of their fronts: “Small Game preserve, 1793” with a “crowned R” above. Those stones about one and a half m high, might have delimited a hunting ground reserved to the family of Carlos IV. Two of them are still in their original emplacement, and the remaining one has been moved to the village.

El Corralón Façade (Portada del Corralón)

At the northern border of the old village of Los Molinos is located a construction whose entrance door has a granite lintel with the inscription: “1777”. In the wall which separates the garden from the outside, there is a large dimensions hollow framed by jambs and an irregular blocks lintel, called “Portada del Corralón”. It has the following inscription: “Year 1785”.

Lozoya del Valle

Suárez de la Concha Mansion (Old Convent) - Lozoya lozoya palacete suarez

The original building was built in the 16th century by the Suárez de la Concha family, lords of the burg. At the end of the 18th century it was ruined and the building was rebuilt by the fourth Marquis of Lozoya. It lies on an extended plot, fenced by a quite high masonry wall. It is a three floor irregular construction, with rather square proportions. It is whitewashing masonry and brick built, with stone framing at the main façade hollows and ashlars chains at the corners.

El Salvador Parish Church - Lozoya Iglesia de Lozoya

Its origin is in the 16th century; being difficult to precisely date it due to the lack of historic documents nowadays available. The actual appearance is very different from the one at the 16th century, the forced repairs started in the 18th century due to a fire. It has three naves separated by pillars supporting round arches, a Gothic vault and a two bodied tower. The most remarkable elements of the construction are the Sacristy Renaissance window, and mainly the east side Plateresque façade. It is a Toledo type façade, in relation with the Covarrubias School.

Nuestra Señora de La Fuensanta Chapel - Lozoya lozoya ermita fuensanta

Built in the 18th century, it was destroyed during the Spanish Civil War and later on rebuilt. It is masonry made and exposed ashlars plastered.

El Congosto Bridge - Lozoya lozoya puente congosto

It is located downriver the Pinilla reservoir, in a dirt road which connects Lozoya and Garganta de los Montes. It rises on a narrow and deep gorge surrounded by an awesome landscape. It was built in the 12th century with a very rough masonry cemented on the rock. It presents a 6m span with a round vault.

Los Cuatro Caños Fountain - Lozoya lozoya fuente 4canos

It is a rather neoclassic drinking fountain dated in 1791. It shows two bronze paired pipes adjoining the laterals of a stone pond. The jets are granite made and have a pyramidal base. Traditionally it has been used as a cattle trough.

"Rollo" lozoya rollo

A “rollo” is a stone column crowned by a cross or a ball which was raised in the burgs with full jurisdiction, indicating the regime they were subjected to: lordship, monastic etc. In certain cases it was as well the commemorative monument of the burg concession or even it indicated the limits of the territory.
In February 2012 the Lozoya “rollo” returned to its original place at Juan Martín Street behind the Town Hall, after many years forgotten at the old cemetery

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Manzanares El Real

Nuestra Señora de Peña Sacra Chapel - Manzanares El Real

Ermita de la PeñaIt is located in an extended scree area called “Los Mariningos” at about 1 km from the village, on a granite bed 70 m high. Many authors date its origin in the 16th century, although there are enough elements to think it could have been built in the late 15th century. During the Spanish Civil War it was partially destroyed. It is built with granite stone from the place, the old part with ashlars and masonry and the rest with ashlars reinforcement at the edges. The most remarkable part of the building is in the original chapel covered by an awesome Gothic ribbed vault.

Nuestra Señora de las Nieves Parish Church - Manzanares El Real

It was built between the late 15th century and the mid 16th century. It is a masonry based walls construction; with the exception of the third body of the tower and part of the Sacristy which are ashlars made. The ground plan is basilica type with three naves, the tower is three bodied, the chapel is covered with a Gothic ribbed vault with tiercerons, and the portico has eight Tuscan arches and one round arch. In the central nave is the baptismal font, a magnificent 16th century piece, with a gore decoration and a flowered strip at the edge. It is placed on a pedestal with balls ornaments.

Las Ermitas Fountain - Manzanares El Real

It is located at one of the village entrances. It has been discovered a few years ago due to some excavations made at the spot, because it was buried. The ensemble might be from the 16th century, even if there are opinions for the late 15th century. The ensemble has two elements: the proper fountain and the cistern. It is a nearly cubic construction made of enormous granite stone blocs supported by a same material rustic foundation.

La Cañada Real Segoviana Bridge - Manzanares El Real

Although it is difficult to date it precisely, it might be a medieval bridge restored in 1792, according to an inscription on the parapet. Completely built on granite ashlars of unequal quality, it presents a vaulted round arch. It was a mandatory passage of the Segovia Royal Drover’s Road, used by La Mesta to move the cattle around Spain, which granted an important incomes source for the burg, due to the “portazgo” tax levy, taxing the cattle and goods passage through the bridge.

El Cura or Los Frailes Mill - Manzanares El Real

It is accessible through a dirt road in direction to the Peña Sacra Chapel. The historic references regarding the Mill are in a 1724 Tomás López plan. It seems it was the most important mill of the zone, working not only for Manzanares but as well for other villages such as Moralzarzal, Cerceda, El Boalo and Mataelpino. The ensemble has a modest structure formed by two adjoining buildings lodging the proper mill and the miller house. There are as well other complementary constructions used for the organization of the waters compilation and leverage. The mill was active until the years after the 1936 Spanish Civil War.

Cave Paintings - La Pedriza

They were discovered at the end of the 80’s decade, in a small cave, in El Cancho del Confesionario, concretely in the property called “Los Aljibes”. It is an ensemble of schematic paintings which decorate two caves close to an abandoned stone quarry. The best preserved is an ensemble of anthropomorphic figures, some of them seem to dance, and are disposed in oblique rows, together with diverse marks. They are made with a reddish brown ochre pigment.

The findings have been enhanced with ceramic samples of the Bronze Age. They could therefore be dated at the Late Bronze, between the years 1400 and 1200 BC and grants the presence of a stable settlement of individuals dedicated to agriculture, cattle and metallurgy.

The Santillana Reservoir

Since the beginning of the 19th century, the need of supplying water to Madrid from the Madrilenian Sierra different rivers is arisen. The dam was inaugurated in 1908, located down river, at the Chozas Stream and the Manzanares River confluence. It flooded an extended pastures zone close to the village. The dam has a parabolic profile at the down river facing wall and a vertical wall upriver. It is decorated with two Neo Gothic towers simulating castle architecture. In one of them there is a museum showing the graphic documents related to its construction.

Giner Refuge - La Pedriza

Baptized to honor Francisco Giner de los Ríos, this refuge was built in 1914. It is situated in the central zone of La Pedriza, from where the Peñalara cirque can be seen.

Miraflores de la Sierra

Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Parish Church - Miraflores de la Sierra

It was raised on a space where previously lay another church built between 1419 and 1481. The actual ensemble is a succession of addendums: the tower, the presbytery and the transept, three naves, two porticos oriented to the north and the south respectively and a series of chapels adjoining to the aisle naves. The tower is from the old building, dated in the 15th century, being the only preserved element. It is masonry built with ashlars piers at the corners, and two bodies separated by a curved impost. Both outer arcade atriums and the naves at the inner church are beautiful examples of the 18th century neoclassicism. There is as well at the inner church a 1492 baptismal font.

Fuente Nueva (New Fountain) - Miraflores de la Sierra

It is a Baroque type work, although its simplicity evokes neoclassical reminiscences. An inscription at the front determines the year of its construction: 1791. The fountain span occupies a central position with two cattle drinking fountains at both sides adding as well two other drinking fountains at both laterals. It is ashlars stone made.

Vicente Aleixandre Poetry Space - Centro de Arte Villa de Miraflores

It is an interactive space including first editions of the poet writings, photos of the poet and the environment, with the aim of approaching the visitor to the poet and his writings.

The Poplar (El Álamo)

The Miraflores Poplar "Ulmus minor" has been immortalized by the poet Vicente Aleixandre in his poem ”El Álamo” written in June 1962. Affected by the Dutch elm disease it died during the winter of 1989-1990. The square that hosts it was renovated in 2006, preserving the trunk rests and devoting it to an Old-age Monument.

Fountains

miraflores ftecuraLos Borricos fountain dated in 1800 has a drinking fountain with a pipe and it is adjoining the wall of a property. Actually it is dry. El Acebo Fountain was a stop place for the Royal retinues on their way to the El Paular Monastery in Rascafría. El Cura Fountain gives name to one of the Recreation Areas.

Navacerrada

La Natividad de Nuestra Señora Parish Church - Navacerrada

It is located at the top of a hill at the north side of the old town. It is a16th century construction, masonry made in its principal body and ashlars at the tower, suffering important repairs in the 18th century mainly at the covers. In the 20th century some repairs were undertaken transforming nearly completely the inner.

The rectangular ground plan tower is formed by three overlapping bodies separated by imposts. The bell hollows are round, opening two of them on the west front and one on the remaining ones. At the inner it is remarkable the wooden Baroque vault covering the nave and the chancel, and supported by Tuscan columns. The 16th century granite baptismal font has balls decorations at the shaft upper part.

Fonda Real (Royal Relay) - Navacerrada

During the 17th century Navacerrada has been quite well communicated with the environment. There was the Manzanares Royal Path connecting the way that leaded to San Ildefonso and Segovia through Los Molinos and La Fuenfría Pass; this was the used itinerary until the Navacerrada Path was built in 1788. On that road, in the grounds called “El Valdío” and bought by Felipe V in 1718, was raised a tavern at the same place we have actually the “Fonda Real”, relay where mules were changed and even was hosted Felipe V. In that road house the Kings used to stop in their way to La Granja. It counted with “200 mangers, a good mule’s wharf and a covered shelter for twelve carriages with a large patio; rooms for hosts, a common room, a large kitchen, a pantry and a dining room”. The building construction originated a litigation involving Cercedilla and Navacerrada, because both villages wanted part of the works, deciding finally the King in favor of Navacerrada.

La Nevería Industry - La Barranca Valley

In the 19th century was installed in La Barranca valley the industry of “La Nevería”. In 1864 tells Casiano del Prado that in the Guarramillas zone snowdrifts the snow fallen during the winter was covered in March with leaves and dung to preserve it as ice blocks, later on transported to Madrid in ox carts to manufacture and conserve sodas. In 1861 that ice was sold at a price of “20 reales the arroba” (5 pesetas for 11,5 kg). Before the Navacerrada road construction the main used snowdrifts were El Ratón and El Algodón, but later with the new road open, a carriage path is built. This path “climbed zigzagging through the first Guarramilla slope in front of the Navacerrada Pass, and leaded to La Bola del Mundo”. This path called “Los Neveros” was later on transformed to allow the access to the TV facilities.

Navacerrada Reservoir

The reservoir construction started in 1961, ending in 1968. It has a maximum capacity of 11 cubic hectometers and regulates the Guadarrama River basin.

Fountains

One of the Navacerrada signs of identity are its splendid fountains: La Canaleja Fountain whose peculiar appearance integrates it with the environment, or Los Angeles Fountain decorated with angelical designs.

Navafría

The Parish Church

It is a church devoted to San Lorenzo, patron Saint of the village. It has three naves separated by arches supported by pilasters. The building presents a great value Romanesque façade, and several elements of the late Gothic. At the Baroque style head there is an altarpiece with the Saint image. The right aisle hosts the Santo Cristo Chapel. The square ground plan tower, open to double spans crowned with round arches, lodges the bell.

San Sebastián Chapel

Built at the village edge its construction is relatively recent. Every January 20, the Saint image leaves the chapel in procession. That date is a great traditional holyday in Navafría and village women are the full event protagonists.

Las Subastillas Bench

Located in front of the Parish Church, it is a stone bench used to auction the Virgin and the Saints portable platform used at the different holydays.

The Drop Hammer (El Martinete)

Please see in the Museums section, the reference: The Drop Hammer of Navafría.

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