El Espinar

San Eutropio Church

Iglesi El EspinarIt is located at the old town of El Espinar, showing a mélange of different architectonic styles due to the long construction period and the successive repairs and renovations made. Romanesque at its origin, it had been partially destroyed by a fire, being in the 16th century its transept and apse rebuilt in late-Gothic style by Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón, and the nave renovated by Juan de Mijares. In the 18th century the actual sacristy, the south façade and the minor altarpieces had been built. During the 20th century the church has suffered as well several restoring processes and the organ relocation from the transept left aisle to the foot of the nave. It presents a Latin- cross ground plan with niche chapels between buttresses. At the church inner there are as well remarkable elements such as the altarpiece made by Francisco de Giralte, disciple of the School of Berruguete, the canopy which covers it on The Holy Week made by Sánchez Coello, the 18th century Plateresque pulpit, the early 18th century Baroque organ made by Pedro Cavaría, several sculptures made by known authors like Giralte or Trapero, engravings such as the magnificent pine wooden Pieta made by Juan de Juni and other high cultural value pieces. It has been declared Good of Cultural Interest in 1994 (Bien de Interés cultural-BIC).

Santa Isabel Convent

In the town center next to San Eutropio Church are the ruins of the 16th and 17th centuries Santa Isabel Convent. It has several buildings, church, chambers, pilgrims and paupers lodging, mill and orchards. The Baroque church built at the end of the 16th century has just one nave covered with a barrel vault, and a major square ground plan chapel. Nowadays are still preserved several plasterworks remains at the 18th century dome, and as well the Counts of Alcolea sepulchre. It was declared Good of Cultural Interest in 1997 (Bien de Interés Cultural-BIC).

The Marquis of Perales Shearing Palace (Palacio del Esquileo del Marqués de Perales)

Palacio esquileo El EspinarIt is part of a large ensemble whose objective was the wool production, a relevant cattle, craft and preindustrial activity undertaken at El Espinar during the 17th and 18th centuries, being as well a main stop of the transhumant flocks in transit through the Soria Royal Drover’s Road. Its original construction is dated in the 17th century by the initiative of Doña Antonia Velasco, first Marchioness of Perales. Even if the building is in ruins, the perimeter walls and facades are still preserved, with two remarkable main entrances, embossed neoclassical main fronts crowned by the family coat of arms and the Cross of Calatrava. The Shearing Palace was declared Good of Cultural Interest in 1997 (Bien de Interés Cultural-BIC)..

Chapels

El Espinar has several chapels devoted to different Saints and Virgins especially relevant for the village people. Among them we should emphasize the Carmen Chapel close to the Mayor Stream at San Rafael, the Cristo del Caloco Chapel at the foot of the same name hill at Las Rinconadas area, the remains of the Church of Santa María de La Losa hamlet, Romanesque Church built on granite ashlars with the presbytery and apse still preserved, the San Isidro Chapel, La Soledad Chapel, and the survival arch of Santo Domingo Chapel.

Spanish Civil War Fortifications

There are many fortifications vestiges of the Spanish Civil War in El Espinar municipal area. As a good sample we should mention the existing ones close to the Alto del León, important battle field of the Guadarrama Battle (Batalla del Guadarrama).

Reservoirs

El Tejo or Las Tabladillas Reservoir and El Espinar or Vado de las Cabras reservoir are located on the Moros River valley and come from their waters damming. The first one is located slightly 400 m downriver the second one. Their difference is mainly the size, being larger El Tejo, and as well the type of dam they have, concrete built for El Vado de las Cabras and earth gravity dam for El Tejo. They supply water to El Espinar, San Rafael and El Espinar Station.

Fountains

Scattered all over El Espinar village, it is possible to find quite a number of fountains with different shapes and devoted to several illustrious personalities. Nowadays its visit through the “Water Paths” route allows an interesting and beautiful itinerary with the fountains and the water as the main subject.

The Railway Station

The railway, and concretely the Madrid-Segovia line, was a relevant historic and development driver of the zone, in the late 19th century and early 20th century. El Espinar Station was built in 1904, and nowadays hosts an interesting exhibition with old pieces of the railway profession.

“Los Gabarreros” Monument

It is a singular monument honoring the “Gabarreros “profession. They were professional dedicated to the wood logging and transport on horses for its personal use or sale. The Gabarreros Celebration already 16 years old, rememorizes the hard and sacrificed labor those people made. It has been declared a Tourist Regional Interest event.

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