Rascafría, Oteruelo

Nuestra Señora de la Paz Church - Oteruelo del Valle

Located at the Oteruelo village stands an 18th century church very deteriorated after the Spanish Civil War and restored in 1944 by Rodolfo García Pablos.

Its architectonical interest is related to the 18th century well preserved two bodied bell gable.

At the inner it lodges a 16th century interesting embossing of the Holy Burial (El Santo Entierro) by Luis de Villoldo, and a 17th century Immaculate.

San Andrés Apóstol Parish Church - Rascafría

Located at the Rascafría village center, the Parish Church forms a beautiful ensemble combining different styles, from the late Gothic and the Renaissance till the Baroque decorative elements.

The church is from the 15th century, although it has suffered important modifications: repairs in the 17th and 18th centuries, rebuilding and restoring processes in 1952. The construction presents three naves and a flat head with balls decoration and buttresses reinforced at the edges. The square ground plan tower has two bodies. The slate spire crowning it comes from the 1952 restoration process. The Church lodges relevant sculptures and several paintings coming from El Paular Monastery which were moved after the Disentailment, and preserved by the Rascafría village since then.

La Casona - Rascafría

It was built on a property of the Trastámara Royal House. Nowadays it has just been preserved from the original the main façade with the porch and the property entrance gate. It is from the 14th century.

El Paular Paper Mill - Rascafría

El Paular Carthusian Monastery was founded in 1390 by the King Juan I. Later on the King Juan II granted to the Monastery the property related to the Lozoya River, the monopoly of the fishing activity and as well the ownership of an important paper mill.

It has been found as well a “privilege” document from the Queen Dª Juana de Castilla dated in the early 16th century where there is a reference related to the mill, and since the mid 16th century in numerous printers contracts it is specified that the used paper has to come from that mill considering its quality and price.

However this important paper mill becomes of especial relevance considering that the first edition of Don Quixote (El Quijote) was printed on the paper issued from its vats.

Road House (Casa de Postas) - Rascafría

Casa de Postas Known as La Casa Vasca (the Basque House) and dated in 1726, it has not been possible to confirm its usage as a Road House; however it is well known the existence of a Council Tavern which was rented through an auction process, and granting to the tenant the hosting monopoly at the village.

El Perdón Bridge - Rascafría

It is located in front of El Paular Monastery, on the Lozoya River. It is Renaissance style and completely granite ashlars built with three round arches. It had been originally raised in the 15th century and rebuilt afterwards in the 18th century. According with the legend it was the spot where the convict, in his way to the Gallows House, could appeal the sentence for the last time (“El Perdón” means “The Forgiveness”).

La Reina Bridge - Rascafría

It is a small bridge with just one span crossing the Santa María Stream. It is from the 18th century and connects El Paular Monastery with the old House of La Madera. The large granite slabs which form the pavement and as well the impressive balls decoration of the parapet four edges, are quite remarkable.

The Zabala Refuge - Rascafría

It is a mountain refuge inaugurated in 1927, located close to the Peñalara Great Lagoon. It is a small refuge granite rock and concrete built, raised due to a popular initiative in honor of one of the first Spanish mountaineers: José Fernández Zabala. Nowadays, half of the refuge is occupied by a station devoted to scientific researches, and the other half still handles its extreme cases refuge and shelter functions.

The Mora Cave

It is located on the Cocinillas Stream, at the foot of the same name peak and looks as a picturesque spot.

Lodges

The General Direction of the Ministry of Agriculture undertook a restoring process for useless constructions; especially for the ones located in privileged sites, as it is the case of numerous old road menders houses, in order to be adapted as lodges or nature lecture halls; that is the case of El Palancar Youth Refuge, located climbing La Morcuera Pass, and La Morcuera Pass Youth Refuge located at the proper pass at 1.793 m of altitude.  Under that program is also allocated the brand new built Los Batanes Youth Lodge, situated at the same name property.

El Cossío Fountain - Puerto de la Morcuera

It is located next to La Morcuera Lodge on top of the pass. It was inaugurated in 1932 honoring the illustrious pedagogue Manuel Bartolomé Cossío. It has been restored in 1986.

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