Pinilla del Valle

San Miguel Arcángel Parish Church - Pinilla del Valle

Its origins are in the late 15th century and the early 16th century. That is why it presents late Gothic and as well starting Renaissance reminiscences. The walls are masonry built completed with a balls cornice, characteristic decoration of the epoch. It shows a rectangular ground plan with just one nave with three sections. The Major Chapel, with external buttresses is covered by a ribbed vault with Gothic ribs. The 16th century baptismal font built with just one stone block and decorated with balls similar to the cornice ones, has been preserved. The square ground plan tower has two bodies.

Nuestra Señora de la Concepción Chapel - Pinilla del Valle

It is a very simple 17th century Baroque construction, showing a rectangular ground plan and built with masonry and white mortared walls and ashlars reinforced at the edges. It has an entrance portico and an original bell gable adjoining it. The portico has Tuscan columns.

El Cavero de la Higuera Archeological Site – Pinilla del Valle

Yacimiento de PinillaIn 1979 was discovered the first one of the Archeological Sites “The Path Cave” (La Cueva del Camino), a very high paleontological relevance enclave, about 80.000 years old. “The Navalmaillo Shelter” (El Abrigo de Navalmaillo) was discovered in 2002, and it is between 70.000 – 77.000 years old; it preserves the activities remains several hominid groups made at the shelter. “The Good Looking Cave” (La Cueva de La Buena Pinta) was discovered in 2003, and both together with The Path Cave had been used as hyena’s dens. In 2009 was discovered another galleries ensemble named “Dis-Covered Cave” (Cueva Des-Cubierta). The anthropologic remains found in those Sites are from the Homo Neanderthalensis.

“The Calveros” zone, in the municipal area of Pinilla del Valle has been declared Good of Cultural Interest, with the Archeological and Paleontological Zone category on September 14 2004, by the General Direction of “Historical Heritage” (Published at the BOCM on Friday September 24 2004).

The Pinilla Reservoir

The village is located at the head of the Pinilla Reservoir, which is the starting point of one of the water supplying networks of Madrid City. The reservoir construction on the Lozoya River was a transcendental initiative for the valley, because not only it had a great repercussion in the landscape and the environment, but as well leaded to a period of construction activity, unknown at the area. The waters started to be dammed in February 1967.

The previous existence of the Pinilla and Lozoya villages obliged to fix the maximum water level at the 1.089,90 m dimension, and the dam’s crest at 1.090 m, in order to reduce as much as possible the living spaces flooding. Nevertheless twelve buildings were swamped and both the cemeteries of Lozoya and Pinilla had to be moved.

El Navazo or La Marotera Mill

Witness of a preindustrial epoch, its origin is from the 18th century, and remained active until 1970. It is a small construction with stone walls and an Arabic tile cover.

Recently restored, it is a clear sample of the old milling profession so extended at the whole Valley. Explanatory boards are available and as well a small exhibition of farm implements and milling profession tools. The machinery is luckily undamaged. There is as well a small reservoir up river which only with the gradient difference produces the necessary water jump for the mill functioning.

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