To Top

The Sierra de Guadarrama and literature

The Sierra de Guadarrama presence in our literature heritage is at least as old as our proper literature. Perhaps the first reference is at “The Hunting Book” by Alfonso XI, which describes the hunting animals, where to hunt them, and which tracks to take to find them. Later on, many books from the Middle Age talk about the Sierra de Guadarrama, being probably the most relevant “The Book of Good Love” (El Libro del Buen Amor) by El Arcipreste de Hita, written as well in the 14th century and depicting many picaresque and amusing pastoral scenes.

Many others like the Marquis of Santillana in its “Serranillas” makes a lot of references to the Sierra de Guadarrama, such as the route leading to Lozoyuela, or the Yelmo descend. The Spanish Golden Century (Siglo de Oro) is riddled with writings describing the Sierra de Guadrrama as a grandiose scenario and landscape backdrop. Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Vélez de Guevara, Tirso de Molina, Rojas Zorrilla and Góngora among others locate some of their writings at the magnificent Sierra de Guadarrama.

The Enlightenment Age also explores this land, emphasizing Antonio Ponz with his “Journey to Spain” (Viaje a España) and the thoroughness letters addressed to The Lozoya Valley and to El Paular, or Nicolás Moratín and as well Jovellanos who “discovered” a landscape full of danger and enigmas. The Romanticism Age awakens also an echo of those nooks, and not only Spanish authors but as well English, French and Italian left in their writings the Sierra de Guadarrama memory. Many are the names who have embodied that Sierra along the different centuries until the 19th, when an important attitude and mentality change occurs towards love for the Sierra. Giner de los Ríos, Pío Baroja and of course Antonio Machado left a trace with their commitment to Guadarrama. Maybe it is at that time when the Sierra is felt and understood as a crucial element, being Enrique de Mesa the first “mountaineer”.

At the early 20th century, authors such as Ortega y Gasset or Carlos Fernández Shaw left their written trace in its heights, and afterwards Leopoldo Panero and the poet Luis Rosales who lived at Cercedilla. Several years later in that century, Cela, Sánchez Ferlosio and Vicente Aleixandre wrote texts nearly “geographic” and evocative of our Sierra in their novels until the early 21st century.

More about culture

Filter by Category

The Sierra de Guadarrama and literature

The presence of the Sierra de Guadarrama in our literary heritage is almost as old as literature itself.

The man and the Sierra de Guadarrama

The Sierra de Guadarrama has always been marked by the relationship between man and nature.


Some museums to visit in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Sites of Cultural Interest

The mountain villages and their surroundings are home to a large number of cultural heritage elements of enormous value.

Great Core Heritages

Castles, palaces and monasteries are an added attraction to a visit to the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park.

logo cm



logo JCyL

Creative Commons Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama Creative Commons | GDPR | Cookies | Mapa Web | Intranet

Information cookies

Cookies are short reports that are sent and stored on the hard drive of the user's computer through your browser when it connects to a web. Cookies can be used to collect and store user data while connected to provide you the requested services and sometimes tend not to keep. Cookies can be themselves or others.

There are several types of cookies:

  • Technical cookies that facilitate user navigation and use of the various options or services offered by the web as identify the session, allow access to certain areas, facilitate orders, purchases, filling out forms, registration, security, facilitating functionalities (videos, social networks, etc..).
  • Customization cookies that allow users to access services according to their preferences (language, browser, configuration, etc..).
  • Analytical cookies which allow anonymous analysis of the behavior of web users and allow to measure user activity and develop navigation profiles in order to improve the websites.

So when you access our website, in compliance with Article 22 of Law 34/2002 of the Information Society Services, in the analytical cookies treatment, we have requested your consent to their use. All of this is to improve our services. We use Google Analytics to collect anonymous statistical information such as the number of visitors to our site. Cookies added by Google Analytics are governed by the privacy policies of Google Analytics. If you want you can disable cookies from Google Analytics.

However, please note that you can enable or disable cookies by following the instructions of your browser.