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Fauna Tracking System

That Fauna Tracking System is based on the one applied in the Peñalara Natural Park for 15 years and whose versatility to gather hunting fauna data on a continuous basis in a large extension such as El Paular Valley (20.000 hectares) has been highly recognized. The Tracking System will be used by the Forest Guards and the National Park technical staff, highlighting its easiness and effectiveness to obtain a large amount of information with no…

Black Vulture Colony Tracking

The black vulture (Aegypius monachus) is one of the most threaten birds in Europe. That situation is clearly stated in the Ordinance 79/409/CEE related to the wild birds’ preservation, including that specie in its Annex I summoning the SPA (Birds Special Protection Zone) declaration to every area counting with at least a nesting pair. The black vulture populations of the Sierra de Guadarrama are distributed in two SPAs within the National Park, with populations in Rascafría,…

Public Usage Activities Tracking and Control

The Sierra de Guadarrama National Park public usage is one of the management priorities. Its complexity and the visitors’ number growth require necessarily a regulation and tracking policy, with the clear objective of granting the compatibility between the users’ enjoyment and the natural environment preservation. The excessive people concentration in certain locations irremediably leads to negative impacts either in the physical environment (compaction, vegetation leakage, erosion, etc.) or in the fauna and flora, and as…

Rivers and Streams Ecologic Quality Tracking

The Sierra de Guadarrama National Park priority is the maintenance of the excellent ecologic quality of the Sierra de Guadarrama fluvial courses, through the Research, Tracking and Evaluation Center at the Madrid Autonomous Community, the OPAN Valsaín Mounts Center and the Castilla León Autonomous Community Parliament. It is a very representative natural system, which only within the National Park lodges more than 337 kilometers of water courses and riparian forests, constituting the main Madrid and…

Water temperature continuous tracking

Temperature is determinant for all the biological processes. The global warming is originating an alteration in the living beings biological cycles, which for the aquatic ecosystems would mean a displacement upriver of the fluvial species, a biological cycle overtaking to earlier stages, and even the species extinction due to the leak of their development optimal characteristics. The atmospheric temperature predetermines many other processes such as the snow cover duration, the water retention at the basins,…

Mountain lakes and wetlands limnological monitoring

In the Sierra de Guadarrama are located several mountain lakes and wetlands, which even with a small size, constitute one of the most interesting and relevant habitats in relation with preservation. Some of them are among the most recognizable spots of this Sierra, such as the Peñalara Lake. By the contrary, others are quite unknown for the general public. The Peñalara Lake suffered numerous impacts until the mid 90’s of the past century, when its…

Gauging station at the Peñalara Vale (La Hoya de Peñalara)

The National Park has a gauging station at the Peñalara Vale (La Hoya de Peñalara) exit with the objective of measuring the water flows circulating at the Peñalara Lagoon stream. Those data are fundamental to know the hydrologic behavior of a high mountain small basin, representative to a large extent of the behaviors of the Sierra de Guadarrama different streams basins. Therefore it is possible to know with high accuracy about phenomena such as the…

Threaten flora species tracking

The populations condition of certain flora threaten species is one of the National Park working lines. Even if we pretend to undertake tracking studies of a large part of the threaten species populations within the National Park territory, several species have been selected in a first wave as a priority after a previous assessment, and according to their presence in the Vascular Flora Spanish Red List, or in the Madrid Threaten Species Regional Catalogue with…

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