The Peripheral Protection Zone

Posted in Management zoning

Valle del LozoyaThe Peripheral Protection Zone, as it is defined by the National Parks Network Law is “the outer space, continuous and adjacent to a National Park, entitled of a particular legal framework aimed to project the Park values in its environment, and to minimize the ecologic and landscape impacts coming from the National Park outer to the inner”. In relation with the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, the Peripheral Protection Zone encompasses an extension of 62.655 hectares and affects to 34 municipalities, 15 in the Madrid Autonomous Community and 19 in the Castilla León one (province of Segovia). Its exact limits might be consulted in the Pronouncement Law.

In the Madrid Autonomous Community the Peripheral Protection Zone design has been mainly based on the Preservation and Traditional Uses Maintenance Zones and the Natural Resources Ordained Usage Zones established at the PORN of the Sierra de Guadarrama, for those municipalities with territories included in the National Park or adjacent to it. In addition, both the Special Zone “Bola del Mundo” at the Alto de las Guarramillas and the surroundings of the Maximum Protection Zone in the municipality areas of Navacerrada and Manzanares El Real have been also included. The southern limit is determined by the roads M-608, M-617 and M-607.

In the Castilla León Autonomous Community, the Peripheral Protection Zone has been designed on the basis of the Limited Usage and Especial Interest Zones and the Limited Common Usage Zones, adjacent to the National Park and established at the PORN of the Sierra de Guadarrama. The occidental limits are determined by the following roads: N-110, SG-P-6121, CL-601, the road running from the Km Point 119 of the CL-601 and the Km Point 88,700 of the N-603 and the N-603.

The Peripheral Protection Zone covers basically the Sierra foothills, formed by slopes constituting the lowlands where rise the heights and open the depressions towards the Duero and the Tajo basins. In that area, at the Lozoya Valley in Madrid and the Eresma Valley in Segovia is where the Peripheral Zone has its largest extension.

In the Peripheral Protection Zone are represented several mid slope and valley bottom ecosystems which do not practically appear in the National Park. We should highlight the Turkey oak (Quercus pirenaica) woods present at the lowest valley zones up to the 1.700 m altitude in certain areas. In the majority of that territory the oak wood is the dominant forest according with the mesoclimatic conditions. At mid slope are remarkable small formations of relict rainforests commonly dominated by the birch (Betula alba), and rich in species inherent of the euro Siberian region whose presence is reduced to small enclaves in valleys and slopes. Downwards the valley bottom zones are formed by a meadows mosaic with trees hedges, mainly ash trees and bushes where the land is divided in small plots separated by stone fences with live hedges. Those plots exploitation is very old; they were mainly devoted until quite recent decades, to agricultural usages, depicting the typical landscape of these Sierra de Guadarrama valleys.

 Mapa ZPP

 

MunicipalityProvince

Hectares in the

Peripheral Protection Zone

Municipality surface

% in the Peripheral Protection Zone

Alameda del Valle

Madrid

                         1.859  

72,4 %

Aldealengua de Pedraza

Segovia

                         1.670  

47,5 %

Basardilla

Segovia

                             662  

34,9 %

Becerril de la Sierra

Madrid

                             315  

16,2 %

Canencia

Madrid

                         4.474  

82,6 %

Cercedilla

Madrid

                         2.129  

52,1 %

Collado Hermoso

Segovia

                             857  

52,4 %

El Boalo

Madrid

                             813  

26,0 %

El Espinar

Segovia

                         5.574  

27,2 %

Gallegos

Segovia

                         1.657  

76,1 %

Guadarrama

Madrid

                               73  

1,3 %

La Losa

Segovia

                             989  

35,3 %

Los Molinos

Madrid

                             846  

44,1 %

Lozoya

Madrid

                         4.290  

74,1 %

Manzanares el Real

Madrid

                         1.418  

11,3 %

Miraflores de la Sierra

Madrid

                         2.749  

48,2 %

Navacerrada

Madrid

                         1.006  

36,6 %

Navafría

Segovia

                         1.923  

63,2 %

Navarredonda y San Mamés

Madrid

                             506  

17,8 %

Navas de Riofrío

Segovia

                             683  

46,0 %

Ortigosa del Monte

Segovia

                             898  

58,3 %

Otero de Herreros

Segovia

                         1.161  

26,6 %

Palazuelos de Eresma

Segovia

                         1.110  

30,3 %

Pinilla del Valle

Madrid

                         1.814  

71,4 %

Rascafría

Madrid

                         6.516  

43,7 %

Real Sitio de San Ildefonso

Segovia

                         7.822  

54,0 %

Santiuste de Pedraza

Segovia

                             218  

7,5 %

Santo Domingo de Pirón

Segovia

                         1.219  

44,3 %

Segovia

Segovia

                             822  

5,0 %

Soto del Real

Madrid

                         1.153  

27,3 %

Sotosalbos

Segovia

                         1.133  

47,4 %

Torre Val de San Pedro

Segovia

                         1.141  

25,8 %

Torrecaballeros

Segovia

                         1.655  

39,3 %

Trescasas

Segovia

                         1.487  

45,6 %

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